De 01 a 05 de Junho de 2015

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Phytotechnology (the green liver concept) is an emerging as a cutting edge area of the environmental biotechnology to clean, contain and transform environmental pollutants using principles of biogeochemical interactions in the holistic environment. In recent years, the potential of plants for environmental cleanup has been widely recognized all over the world. The biodiversity and naturally operating principles of biogeochemical cycles have unequivocally demonstrated that a large number of exotic xenobiotic contaminants including nitroglycerin can be cleaned up in the environment. Phytoremediation projects have been successfully applied to soil, surface water, and groundwater and sediment and ecosystem restoration. This course would cover selected emerging phytotechnologies.

Phytotechnology that is being applied currently is based on biogeochemical principles that been widely accepted for years in agriculture, silviculture, and horticulture to the disturbed ecosystems. The term phytoremediation ( phyto = plant and remediation = correct  evil) is relatively new, coined in 1991. Some success stories of phytoremediation and an annotated synopsis of field studies and demonstrations, use of Populus (Poplar trees) to clean trichloroethylene in the environment, selected innovative cleanup technologies; variety of bioresources ad their significant role in for remediation and monitoring of metals in the environment; the importance of Brasicaceae in the field of bioremediation; Green energy - a preventive measures for environmental contamination and pollution are the various aspects presented in this course. Phytoremediation is the direct use of living green plants for in situ, or in place, risk reduction for contaminated soil, sludges, sediments, and ground water, through contaminant removal, degradation, or containment. Growing, and in some cases, harvesting plants on a contaminated site as a remediation method is an aesthetically pleasing, solar‑energy driven, passive technique that can be used to clean up sites with shallow, low to moderate levels of contamination. This technique can be used along with or, in some cases, in place of mechanical cleanup methods. Phytoremediation can be used to clean up metals, pesticides, solvents, explosives, crude oil, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, and landfill leachates. Bioremediation is being considered extensively in research and in small scale demonstrations, yet there are some limitations posing restrictions on wider applications of this emerging technology. Further, development and research of the underlying mechanisms of remediation would certainly lead to the acceptance and wider applications of bioremediation globally.

Phytotechnologies for cleanup of inorganic and organic contaminats and pollutants in the environment (metals, metalloids, radionuclides, PAH, Pesticides and a variety of organics).

Campus Soane Nazaré de Andrade, Rodovia Jorge Amado, km 16, Bairro Salobrinho
CEP 45662-900. Ilhéus-Bahia
Núcleo Web